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城市路灯照明在管理维护上面还存在那些有待解决的问题?

  有0人浏览   日期:2019-09-04

文章摘要: 有些路段路灯照明不能得到及时修理或替换。城市照明管理存在的一些不足之处,必然会引起不必要的浪费,特别是能源方面的浪费。因此,路灯管理者应时刻关注如何才能满足实际需求,有针对性地解决存在的不足之处。......

城市路灯建设是城市基础建设的重要组成部分,但城市路灯照明管理工作仍然存在很多不足之处。例如:有些路段路灯还不能实现随着四季变化有规律地调控;有些路段路灯照明不能得到及时修理或替换。城市照明管理存在的一些不足之处,必然会引起不必要的浪费,特别是能源方面的浪费。因此,路灯管理者应时刻关注如何才能满足实际需求,有针对性地解决存在的不足之处,加强新技术应用机制、组织机制和管理机制的协同保障作用,坚持在提高路灯使用效率、降低后期运维负担、避免资源浪费等方面下功夫。

Urban street lamp construction is an important part of urban infrastructure, but there are still many shortcomings in urban street lamp lighting management. For example, some sections of street lights can not be regulated regularly with the change of seasons; some sections of street lights can not be repaired or replaced in time. Some deficiencies in urban lighting management will inevitably lead to unnecessary waste, especially in energy. Therefore, street lamp managers should always pay attention to how to meet the actual needs, address the existing shortcomings, strengthen the synergy of new technology application mechanism, organizational mechanism and management mechanism, and persist in improving the efficiency of street lamp use, reducing the burden of operation and maintenance in the later period, and avoiding waste of resources.

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城市路灯维护管理中存在的问题:

Problems in the maintenance and management of urban street lamps:

路灯管理机制不完善、制度不健全的问题依然存在

The problems of imperfect street lamp management mechanism and imperfect system still exist.

在一些项目中,重建设、轻维护、轻管理的现象依然较为普遍。特别是,由于后期的维护和管理工作跟不上,导致在项目验收后,有些项目的亮灯率和照明效果难以长时间保持在验收之前的水平。究其原因是在设施维护管理方面缺乏机制保障和管理人才,导致出现了照明设施维护责任落实难、寻找具体负责单位难、掌握高端路灯维护技术难等突出问题。

In some projects, rebuilding, light maintenance and light management are still common. In particular, due to the late maintenance and management work can not keep up with, leading to the acceptance of some projects after the illumination rate and lighting effect is difficult to maintain the level before acceptance for a long time. The reason is the lack of mechanism guarantee and management personnel in facility maintenance management, which leads to some prominent problems, such as the difficulty of implementing the responsibility of lighting facility maintenance, the difficulty of finding specific responsible units, and the difficulty of mastering high-end street lamp maintenance technology.

例如,在工作中,常常依据功能性路灯的种类来划分管理责任单位,从而就产生了路灯处、路桥处或其他管理责任主体,自然会引起政出多门、责权不清、相互推诿等问题。同一区域内的路灯维护工作,有可能归属不同的管理单位,更有甚者,同一区域内的路灯维护工作被划分到路灯处、路桥处等多个单位。在这些单位中,管理模糊、职责交叉、路灯照明养护工作落实慢等弊端时有发生,同时周边居民夜间出行安全难以保障。

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For example, in the work, management responsibility units are often divided according to the types of functional street lights, which results in street lights, road bridges or other management responsibility subjects, which naturally leads to many problems such as politics, unclear responsibilities and powers, and mutual shirking. Street lamp maintenance work in the same area may belong to different management units. What's more, street lamp maintenance work in the same area is divided into several units such as street lamp, road and bridge. In these units, the disadvantages of vague management, overlapping responsibilities and slow implementation of street lighting maintenance work occur from time to time, while the safety of night travel of surrounding residents is difficult to guarantee.

沟通机制不畅、缺乏部门间有效沟通渠道

Poor communication mechanism and lack of effective communication channels between departments

一般情况下,城市路灯建设管理单位和工程验收后城市路灯管理维护单位往往不是同一个单位,甚至不属于同一部门管辖。在这样的情况下,建设负责方和运维责任方就难以建立部门间有效的沟通渠道,难以建立畅通的沟通机制,更谈不上实现路灯管理信息的互通与共享。在现行招投标制度中,城市路灯建设责任方往往是通过低价竞标策略中标。在这种情况下,建设责任方有时会在追求自身利润的过程中,牺牲一些工程质量,例如,会在路灯节能和寿命方面做出妥协;有时难以准确把握路灯工程项目的经济效益与社会效益的平衡点;有时甚至完全不顾城市路灯建设项目所带来的社会效益,擅自降低建设标准,选择外观设计过时、城市亮化效果不佳的路灯产品。

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Generally speaking, the management unit of urban street lamp construction and the maintenance unit of urban street lamp management after project acceptance are often not the same unit, or even not under the jurisdiction of the same department. Under such circumstances, it is difficult for the construction and operation and maintenance responsible parties to establish effective communication channels between departments, establish smooth communication mechanism, let alone realize the exchange and sharing of street lamp management information. In the current bidding system, the responsible party of urban street lighting construction often wins the bid through the low-price bidding strategy. In this case, the construction responsible party sometimes sacrifices some engineering quality in the process of pursuing their own profits, such as compromise in energy saving and life span of street lamps; sometimes it is difficult to accurately grasp the balance between economic benefits and social benefits of street lighting projects; sometimes it even completely ignores urban street lighting projects. The social benefits brought by the project are to reduce the construction standards without authorization, and to select street lamp products with outdated appearance design and poor urban lighting effect.

从后期负责运维的管理单位角度来说,个别单位还存在路灯巡检工作流程不具体、路灯日常维护操作标准不统一、管理机制不健全和工作效率不高等问题。此外,城市路灯照明建设规模的激增与管理单位运维能力相对有限的矛盾,也是导致城市路灯照明性能难以稳定、后期的维护和管理工作跟不上、亮灯率和照明效果难以长时间保持正常水平的重要原因。

From the point of view of the management units responsible for operation and maintenance in the later period, there are still some problems in individual units, such as incomplete work flow of street lamp inspection, inconsistent standard of daily maintenance and operation of street lamp, imperfect management mechanism and inefficient work. In addition, the contradiction between the rapid increase of urban street lighting construction scale and the relatively limited operation and maintenance capacity of management units is also an important reason for the instability of urban street lighting performance, the late maintenance and management work can not keep up, and the illumination rate and lighting effect can not maintain the normal level for a long time.

路灯照明运维监管机制缺位的问题依然存在

Lack of supervision mechanism for street lighting operation and maintenance still exists

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在城市某些路段,特别是在中小城市中,路灯照明监管依然将人工巡查作为主要手段。落后的监管手段导致路灯照明运维监管机制缺位。例如,个别不法分子在人工巡查监管不到的地方偷盗路灯配套设施,导致个别路段亮灯率低、照明效果差。  这就是今天给大家介绍的精彩内容了,相信以上的介绍能给大家带来一定的帮助,如果您对文章的内容还有不明白的地方,欢迎大家到分类信息网站大全的官方网站留言讨论:http://www.lushangyun.com

In some sections of the city, especially in small and medium-sized cities, the supervision of street lighting still takes manual inspection as the main means. Lack of supervision means leads to the absence of supervision mechanism for street lighting operation and maintenance. For example, some criminals steal street lamp supporting facilities in places that cannot be supervised by manual inspection, resulting in low lighting rate and poor lighting effect in individual sections. This is the wonderful content introduced to you today. I believe that the above introduction can help you to a certain extent. If you still don't understand the content of this article, you are welcome to leave a message on the official website of Daquan, the classified information website: http://www.lushangyun.com.


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