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清洁的采暖方式--生物质供热,发展仍面临挑战!

  有0人浏览   日期:2019-09-28

文章摘要: 目前生物质热电项目面临着项目补贴电价列入国家支持环节多、困难大、周期长,支付严重拖欠等人为困难。对此,建议取消关于生物热电项目“列入国家补贴目录制度”,贯彻“优先发展、固定电价、满发满收、及时支付”,杜绝为可再生能源发展及农村环保事业健康发展的人为设置的障碍。......

在生物质热电项目的发展过程中,政府支持不足或应有的支持严重拖欠问题显著。

In the process of the development of biomass thermal power projects, the problem of serious arrears caused by insufficient or due government support is obvious.

针对生物质供热发电可以在生产清洁的热电的同时“变废为宝、化害为利”的过程,国家通过给予生物质热电厂高于燃煤电价的优惠固定上网电价(0.75元/kwh)予以支持。而随着农村劳动力成本逐年上升及国家针对环保要求提高,该电价已经是勉强维持项目健康发展。

In view of the process that biomass heating and power generation can turn waste into treasure and harm into benefit while producing clean thermal power, the State supports it by giving preferential fixed electricity price (0.75 yuan/kwh) to biomass thermal power plants higher than coal-fired electricity price. With the rising cost of rural labor and the country's environmental protection requirements, the electricity price has barely maintained the healthy development of the project.

目前生物质热电项目面临着项目补贴电价列入国家支持环节多、困难大、周期长,支付严重拖欠等人为困难。对此,建议取消关于生物热电项目“列入国家补贴目录制度”,贯彻“优先发展、固定电价、满发满收、及时支付”,杜绝为可再生能源发展及农村环保事业健康发展的人为设置的障碍。

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At present, biomass thermal power projects are facing many artificial difficulties, such as too many subsidy tariffs to be included in the state support links, great difficulties, long cycle, and serious arrears in payment. In this regard, it is proposed to abolish the "national subsidy catalogue system" for Bio-thermal projects, implement the "priority development, fixed electricity prices, full income, timely payment", and eliminate artificial obstacles to the development of renewable energy and the healthy development of rural environmental protection undertakings.

关于生物质供热和生物质热电联产发展的思路和产业政策,有一种声音认为所有的生物质发电项目都应该改为“热电联产”,否则国家将不予以支持。这是对产业发展极为不利的“一刀切”的短视做法。

Regarding the ideas and industrial policies of biomass heating and biomass cogeneration, there is a voice that all biomass power generation projects should be changed to "cogeneration of heat and power", otherwise the state will not support it. This is a short-sighted "one size fits all" approach that is extremely unfavorable to industrial development.

实际上,我国十四年前审批的生物质发电示范项目,就已经明确有供热的要求。但是我们实际的产业发展很不成熟。在这种情况下,我们提出了有条件的地方积极发展生物质热电联产,暂不具备热电联产条件的鼓励单纯发电项目,同时预留供热。

In fact, the demonstration project of biomass power generation approved 14 years ago in China has clearly defined the requirement of heating. But our actual industrial development is very immature. In this case, we propose to actively develop biomass cogeneration where conditions permit. We do not yet have the conditions to encourage simple power generation projects, while reserving heating.

在随后的几年中,实践发现很快就会带动区域工业园区供热发展,带动了民用供热发展。所以,生物质发电预留供热是一个县域清洁能源发展具有前瞻性的布局,更具有大力推广的价值和广阔的发展空间。

In the next few years, the practice found that it will soon lead to the development of heating in regional industrial parks and the development of civil heating. Therefore, the reserved heating of biomass power generation is a forward-looking layout for the development of clean energy in a county, which has more value and broad space for development.

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生物质热电面临的另一个问题是,国家关于生物质热电的金融支持政策不足。除了少数央企国企投资这类项目不缺资金支持外,大部分地方企业和民营企业面临“融资难”的通病。中央要求支持中小企业的发展,但是在具体支持措施、具体落实方面,还有较大的差距。

Another problem facing biomass thermoelectricity is the inadequate financial support policy for biomass thermoelectricity. In addition to a small number of state-owned enterprises invested in such projects without lack of financial support, most local enterprises and private enterprises are facing the common problem of "financing difficulties". The central government calls for support for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, but there is still a big gap in specific support measures and implementation.

解决生物质热电及供热的诸多问题,需要从几个方面入手:

To solve the problems of biomass thermoelectricity and heat supply, we need to start from several aspects:

首先要保证生物质热电和纯生物质供热列入国家和地方清洁供热规划,至少应该享受不低于“煤改气改电”的国家支持政策。“宜电则电、宜煤则煤、宜气则气、宜油则油”的同时同样要“宜生则生”,而且在农业农村结合区域的县域地区,生物质能应该放在首位,优先支持发展;

First of all, we should ensure that biomass thermoelectricity and pure biomass heating are included in the national and local clean heating planning, and at least enjoy the national support policy of "coal to gas to electricity". At the same time, "electricity is suitable for electricity, coal is suitable for coal, gas is suitable for gas, oil is suitable for oil" should also be "bio-energy is suitable for health", and in the counties of agricultural and rural areas, biomass energy should be given priority to support development.

其次,落实国家支持政策,避免拖欠或者不到位;

Secondly, we should implement national support policies to avoid defaults or inadequacies.

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此外,生物质能源具有多路线、多主体、多重意义的独有特点,要有前瞻性、发展性的眼光和胸怀发展生物质能源,根据国民经济和社会发展发展的客观要求采用正确的、适合的、可行的产业发展路径;

In addition, biomass energy has the unique characteristics of multi-route, multi-subject and multi-significance. It should have a forward-looking and developmental vision and mind to develop biomass energy, and adopt the correct, suitable and feasible industrial development path according to the objective requirements of national economic and social development.

同时做好金融和资本支持工作,积极贯彻中央关于涉农及中小型企业发展的鼓励政策,建议应该明确国资和民资金融支持比例任务,补上“可再生能源金融、绿色金融、涉农金融”等的历史欠账。

At the same time, we should do a good job in financial and capital support, actively implement the central government's policy of encouraging the development of small and medium-sized enterprises involved in agriculture, and suggest that we should clarify the proportion of state-owned and private financial support, and make up for the historical debts of "renewable energy finance, green finance, agriculture-related finance".

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Above is the wonderful content of today's classified information website Daquan. We also welcome more small partners to join us: http://www.lushangyun.com.

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